What does France have to do with it? Why exactly five floors? Answers to these questions and other unexpected facts from the history of Soviet five-story buildings:
1 The author of the famous Khrushchev five-story building is engineer Vitaly Pavlovich Lagutenko, the grandfather of the soloist of the Mumiy Troll group Ilya Lagutenko. p> Vitaly Pavlovich Lagutenko is the author of the famous series of houses K-7.
2 The famous series of houses K-7 (K – “frame”) created by Vitaly Pavlovich Lagutenko is based on a French project that was personally selected by Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev.
3 French creator of panel housing construction Raymond Camus came to the USSR three times at the invitation of the government, after which they acquired a license from Camus for the mass production of concrete products, which, however, was heavily processed.
The French project by Raymond Camus formed the basis for the project of Soviet five-story buildings.
4 Five floors is the maximum, from the French point of view, the height of an apartment building without an elevator and garbage chute.
5 The construction of each five-story building of the K-7 series required a record time: only 12 days. Provided that the work was carried out in 3 shifts.
6 The houses of the K-7 series can be seen in many frames of the films “We'll Live Until Monday”, “Operation Y” and Shurik's other adventures.
7 Five-story Khrushchev – originally a temporary project. They were supposed to stand only until the onset of communism in 1980.
8 The lack of balconies, combined bathrooms, tiny kitchens, thin walls – all these were trifles compared to the colossal change in the life of the Soviet people. The panel house opened up a life-saving opportunity for overcrowded communal apartments.
These images were taken in the mid-1950s by Edward Clark for Life magazine.
9 Some elements of the interiors of the Soviet five-story buildings are in great demand today. In the most fashionable Russian and Western interiors, a window between the kitchen and the bathroom, polished furniture, and fabric lampshades are increasingly common. And even the tradition of hanging carpet on the wall is beautifully reflected in modern homes.
10 According to rough estimates, 8.6 million Russians live in Soviet five-story buildings today.