7 major architectural losses of our time

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The tragedy in Paris that shook the whole world, unfortunately, is not the only one in history. Here are seven landmarks that will never be the same again

Notre Dame Cathedral

The fire that engulfed one of the main symbols of Paris became known on the evening of April 15. Less than an hour after the start of the fire, the 96-meter spire of the cathedral collapsed, the fire was extinguished by the next morning. According to preliminary data, the supporting structures of Notre Dame remained intact, but the restoration will take at least 10-12 years. The relics inside the cathedral, including the Crown of Thorns, were not damaged.

Notre Dame Cathedral is one of the most famous cultural and religious monuments in Europe. It was erected on the initiative of the Parisian bishop Maurice de Sully in the period from 1163 to 1345. By the beginning of the 19th century, the cathedral fell into disrepair. The eponymous novel by Victor Hugo, published in 1831, greatly contributed to the acquisition of glory and the salvation of the cathedral from destruction.

Wooden Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Karelia

The Assumption Church in the Karelian town of Kondopoga on the shore of Lake Onega, a monument of Russian wooden architecture of the 18th century, was lost in a fire on August 10, 2018. It was possible to localize the fire three hours after the start of the fire, by that time there was practically nothing left of the building. The temple, built in 1774, was one of the tallest wooden buildings in Russia, completing the evolution of the tent-roofed temples of the Prionezhskaya school. Together with the church building, the iconostasis of the late 18th – early 19th centuries and a unique painted ceiling burned down. They plan to restore the church to its original place according to the preserved documentation.

National Museum of Brazil

A fire on August 2, 2018 at the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro destroyed most of the collection – 20 million exhibits. The museum was located in the former imperial residence – the three-story San Cristovan Palace in the Quinta da Boa Vista park in the north of the city. Here were kept some of the largest collections in Latin America on paleontology, archeology and natural history, artifacts from Ancient Egypt, works of Greco-Roman art and other cultures from the collection of the royal family. Among the most famous exhibits is the 12,000-year-old Lusia human skeleton, the oldest in South America, the largest meteorite that fell in Brazil, a Roman fresco from Pompeii that survived the eruption of Vesuvius, and a dinosaur skeleton found in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.

Ancient city of Palmyra in Syria

Over the seven years of hostilities in Syria, more than 300 archaeological sites have been destroyed. In 2015, after the seizure of Palmyra by terrorists, the temples of Baalshamin and Bel, the burial towers of the 1st century BC, the ancient Roman theater and the famous tetrapylon, the Arc de Triomphe and other structures were destroyed here. The ancient city, recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, was called one of the wonders of the world. In March 2016, UNESCO established a foundation for the restoration of the ancient city.

Cathedral of the Virgin Mary of the Seven Sorrows in China

On the night of July 29, 2014, in the city of Ningbo, Zhejiang province, a large fire broke out in one of the oldest Catholic churches in China – the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary of the Seven Sorrows. The cathedral was destroyed by fire, only the bell tower and several buildings nearby survived. The original church on this site was built in 1713, the temple was rebuilt several times, until in 1872 it acquired its modern look. The cathedral was restored in 2018.

Cathedral of the Life-Giving Trinity in St. Petersburg

The Trinity Cathedral was damaged in the Fire in August 2006. The fire destroyed the main dome of the cathedral and one of the four small domes. The interior of the cathedral did not suffer due to the reliability of the building's structure: it did not allow the collapsed dome to fall inside the temple. The restoration of the cathedral was completed in 2017.

The Trinity Cathedral, designed by the architect Stasov, is located in one of the central districts of the city. The cathedral is an architectural monument of federal significance and is included in the UNESCO list as part of the historic city center. The main dome of the cathedral, the second largest wooden dome in Europe, was created in 1834 by the civil engineers Melnikov and Bazin.

Moscow Manezh

The Manege was built in 1817 by the architect Avgnustin Betancourt in honor of the fifth anniversary of Russia's victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. A few years later, in 1824-1825. Osip Bove designed the facades of the building in the Empire style. Initially, the building was intended for combat training of troops, later exhibitions, festivities and balls were held there. After the revolution, it housed the barracks and the government garage, and since 1957 – the Central Exhibition Hall.

March 14, 2004 year, the building was almost completely destroyed by a large-scale fire, which began at about 21:00 and lasted until 2:00 at night. The building was completely burnt out completely, the roof and the famous larch beams were destroyed by the flames – only the massive outer walls survived. The reconstruction of the building took 13 months. As a result, an underground floor, new exhibition areas, elevators, escalators, double-glazed windows, air conditioners appeared in it, and the architectural community immediately dubbed New Manezh a “remake”.

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