Anton Mosin (bureau Mossinepartners ) lives in two countries, in Russia and Germany, conducting extensive project practice there and there. The architect, who recently returned from Berlin to Moscow, shared with ARTANDHOUSES his thoughts on current trends in housing construction, the relevance of the classic order and the house of his dreams.
A graduate of the Moscow Architectural Institute, in 1989 he went to the student assembly in Berlin, then won a municipal competition for a kindergarten project, and as a professional he became snapped up in Germany. He got a job in one of the design bureaus, joined the German Union of Architects, and for final approval as a German architect he received a diploma from the Berlin Higher School of Arts. Very soon Professor Mosin will start teaching a course at the Technical University of Berlin.
Mosin's German portfolio includes such buildings as the aforementioned kindergarten and a sports complex in the government quarter of Berlin, restaurants, cafes and a boutique in the Berlin districts of Charlottenburg and Mitte, a complex of low-rise residential buildings in the city of Gustrow, etc. The list of large projects and buildings Anton Mosin in Russia – a residential building in Khilkov Pereulok, a multi-storey building of simple shapes with a facade lined with perforated panels with floral patterns on the Skolkovskoye Highway and a striking example of ecological architecture “Lyubushkin Khutor”, the village of Evergreen in the near Moscow region. In 2012, Anton Mosin completed the pavilion project, which is an example of lightweight mobile architecture. An experiment with a pneumo-frame structure made of plastic plastic material was carried out in Mitino, on the territory of the microtown “In the forest”.
As you know, you have gained fame as a European architect, an adherent of the modernist, extremely simple, almost Protestant approach in modern architecture. How relevant is this status today?
The content of the article:
- 1 As you know, you have gained fame as a European architect, an adherent of the modernist, extremely simple, almost Protestant approach in modern architecture. How relevant is this status today?
- 2 I do not think. Just a return of fashion to classicism, it somehow flies in the air & # 8230;
- 3 As I know, you have devoted a lot of time to the problems of energy conservation, which, of course, is the future. Is that so?
- 4 So What is your dream house like?
You will be surprised, but now I suddenly began to like classical architecture. Not Stalinist, of course, Empire style. Recently, walking around Berlin, I literally gazed at the buildings of the outstanding, in my opinion, German architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, at all these strict classicistic lines of the facades of the Old Museum, the Royal Drama Theater. And I thought, maybe in vain architecture got out of the rut with this modernism? For twenty centuries it somehow worked without breaking traditions. I wanted to take and draw these proportions, these details of fantastic clarity and beauty. Maybe this is old age?
I do not think. Just a return of fashion to classicism, it somehow flies in the air & # 8230;
Yes, this is the trend that I am seeing now. The fact that people, as it turned out, where it is more comfortable to live in the warrant, by the way, is also confirmed by developers. Decorations on the front of houses only increase their sales. When you are building not a public building or a shopping center, but housing, the demonstration of your ego should recede into the background. As a home architect, you are limited by certain rules for organizing space. There are, however, quite understandable principles of what is convenient to live in and what is not. It is much more pleasant for a person to live in a square room than in a triangular or semicircular one. I don't think it will be comfortable in an elongated one with a small window. Before making a decision, you need to analyze all the parameters: what is around the future object, for whom this house is being built, the life scenarios of the residents. And eventually come to appropriate conclusions.
As I know, you have devoted a lot of time to the problems of energy conservation, which, of course, is the future. Is that so?
So. Our main goal is sustainability, the notorious sustainable architecture. The huge package, which includes the energy costs of construction, determines whether a building is sustainable or not. By the way, traditional architecture has almost always been created from local materials. Nobody brought insulation or glass, for example, from Germany. And a return to this custom may well be relevant, especially since now more and more doubts arise about modern materials. The high production costs of insulation and aluminum sandwich panels immediately remove these materials from the list of sustainable materials. Plus the impossibility of their disposal. Experts are well aware that in twenty years all the insulation will turn to zero and will no longer be insulated. What, say, is worse than the same meter-thick brick wall made of clay near Moscow? Nothing. There are sand quarries in Tarusa, you can make bricks and from them get architecture close to classical forms. Everything, it would seem, is excellent: post-and-beam system, wooden floors, no concrete. Why has all of this been abandoned in favor of something modernist? Question.
So What is your dream house like?
Honestly? I have no dream home. Because it, a dream, changes all the time. Or I design my dream home almost every time. And, by the way, I think it's even good when the customer intervenes and corrects this dream of mine in accordance with his taste. For which I am only grateful to him. A lot of things that turned out were built mainly under the influence of the customer. It's a shame when customers don't build.
In Berlin I am currently working on an interesting project related to the disposal of old housing. Here, imagine, an apartment provided for redevelopment, under which there are garages. So from one apartment plus these garages you get four beautiful townhouses. The spaces were different before. The way of life has changed, the need for garages has disappeared: now everyone has stopped driving by cars. Also, predominantly young families no longer require large rooms, but small ones. In addition, people have stopped going to work – everyone strives to work remotely. Thus, from a master's apartment with 4-meter ceilings, three floors with narrow staircases are obtained, where you can live and work, having also a small garden or terrace, which also becomes a living space. At the same time, you do not build anything new, but simply restructure as much as possible, recycle the old. In general, the XXI century has already arrived. Now other dreams. The philosophy, the psychology of society has changed. Cars without a driver, a complete reluctance to buy real estate, but a desire to lead a healthy, comfortable lifestyle without pathos. You say it's a dream home, and I'm not sure if it's a home or a way of life.