Summer is in full swing and it's a great excuse to go somewhere. Architectural historian, guide and founder of the druzba.druzba project Sergey Kuznetsov has prepared for our readers a selection of interesting architectural locations near Moscow. Let's start with Zelenograd. Join now!
July 6, 2022Sergey Kuznetsov
Tour guide, architectural historian, founder of the druzba.druzba project< /p>
Zelenograd is a district of Moscow that exists a little apart from the capital. By bus or train, the journey here takes at least 40 minutes, and this is a great opportunity to see the diverse heritage of Soviet modernism.
The city was founded in 1958 as a satellite of Moscow, and in 1962 the status of the city grew greatly — it was It was decided to arrange a large-scale production of microelectronics here. Along with the status of the city, the level of architecture has also grown – the names of architects Igor Rozhin, Boris Oskin, Felix Novikov, Georgy Sayevich are associated with Zelenograd. “/>
What to see in the city?
For starters, you can drink coffee on Youth Square. This is the first urban ensemble, consisting of the building of the former cinema “Electron” and a shopping center. Pay attention to the brutal posters of the shopping center and the wonderful work of Yevgeny Ablin, which also reveals itself in the interior of a modern building. Alas, the wonderful mosaic fountain in the center of the square has been lost. Despite public protests, it was barbarously destroyed during the last reconstruction.
Ploshchad Yunosti, Zelenograd. /uploads/2022/07/fc47ee831a0b42c197e26d23db715f08.jpg” width=”728″ height=”546″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”Architectural walks: Zelenograd — city of modernism and microelectronics” />Panel on the building of the department store, Zelenograd.
Walk along the Central Avenue and look at the monumental, similar to Novy Arbat, rhythm of twin towers. A wonderful bus stop created by Boris Oskin has been preserved here.
Don't miss the second longest residential building in Moscow – Flute. It was designed by Felix Novikov in 1970. This house is associated with the turbulent era of the avant-garde and draws us to & nbsp; images of the famous house-commune of the textile institute on the street. Ordzhonikidze. Raised on legs, the house acted as a screen that covered the ends of the panel five-story buildings from the side of the administrative ensemble of the city. Despite all the renovations, the house is still impressive.
Residential building “Flute”. Architect Felix Novikov “height=”369″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”Architectural walks: Zelenograd — the city of modernism and microelectronics” />View of the famous house “Flute”, Zelenograd.
On the opposite side of Savelkinsky Proyezd, a remarkable commercial and administrative ensemble has been preserved, probably inspired by the work of Oscar Niemeyer. The main dominant feature was the hotel tower, completed, by the way, only in the early 2000s. Here is the building of the city prefecture – a spectacular brutalist building on legs. However, the Zelenograd Palace of Culture is supposed to be the main character — somewhat overweight on the outside, inside it amazes with the amazing beauty of the stairs, the bright atrium and the unusual, fluid space without right angles.
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Go down through Victory Park to the embankment. The cascade of fountains, alas, suffered during the reconstruction – the azure smalt that once covered its surface disappeared. Going down to the water, turn around, at the hotel building – it is from the water that the architectural design is best felt. /wp-content/uploads/2022/07/212c1f9f62b0c282c1ee24bdc2c6544c.jpg” width=”728″ height=”410″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”Architectural walks: Zelenograd is a city of modernism and microelectronics” />Park of the 40th anniversary of the Victory, Zelenograd. Hotel view.Park of the 40th Anniversary of Victory, Zelenograd. View of the embankment.
Bypassing the city pond (in fact, it is a dammed river Skhodnya) you will get to the research institute complex and the Angstrem plant. Do you remember that Zelenograd is a center of research and production? It was supposed to install Prometheus by E. Neizvestny in front of the facade, but, alas, this did not work.The Angstrem Research Institute and Plant, Zelenograd. -content/uploads/2022/07/b9078591809162f7a1585adff0ee389d.jpg” width=”728″ height=”410″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”Architectural walks: Zelenograd — city of modernism and microelectronics” />Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology (MIET), Zelenograd.
The walk ends at the campus of the Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology, located across the street from the plant. Red-brick buildings are surrounded by greenery, and the building itself looks very unexpectedly European. An unusual clock with signs of the zodiac is installed above the entrance. This is one of the most striking buildings of the era of Soviet modernism: free arrangement of buildings, glass passages between them, ramps in common areas.Moscow Research University MIET, Zelenograd.