Fairy-tale houses in Moscow: the best examples of Russian architecture worth visiting in the summer of 2022
If you ask Muscovites what kind of Russian-style buildings they know in Moscow, most will remember GUM, Yaroslavsky and Kazansky railway stations and the Historical Museum. In fact, there are other examples of architecture in the capital that imitate the buildings of the era of Ancient Russia. We talk about the most beautiful buildings of the capital, which seem to have descended from the pages of Russian folk tales
27 June 2022
Anna Lopatina's MansionLocation: Bolshaya Nikitskaya st., 54, building 1
In pre-revolutionary times, the owner of this house, built in 1876, was Anna Lopatina. A representative of the capital's merchants was engaged in the supply of seafood to Moscow.
The architect of the house was Alexander Kaminsky, the son-in-law of Pavel Tretyakov, the founder of the Tretyakov Gallery. He decorated the facade of the Lopatina mansion with a pattern of ceramics and colored bricks, and made the arched windows look like vaulted ceilings in the chambers of the boyars. In general, experts attribute the mansion to the first examples of the use of the “Russian” style in the design of residential buildings in the capital: the main facade of the house is decorated in the style of Russian architecture of the 17th century.
In the Lopatina mansion there was an apartment for the owners, living quarters for rent, and warehouses on the ground floor. The third floor appeared after the revolution, when the house became the property of the Soviet authorities. Later, it was turned into a hostel, and now the Brazilian Embassy is located in the building on Bolshaya Nikitskaya.
Ivan Tsvetkov's House
The content of the article:
- 1 Anna Lopatina's Mansion
- 2 Zinaida Pertsova's house
- 3 Igumnov House Outwardly, Igumnov's house resembles ancient Russian chambers: brick walls, windows, balconies, doors decorated with bas-reliefs, the facade – with mosaics. It depicts plants and birds. Inside the building there is a wide staircase lavishly decorated with gold patterns. After the revolution, this building also passed to the Soviet authorities. Now the residence of the French ambassador is located in the fabulous boyar chamber and sometimes events are held, one way or another connected with French culture – then happy visitors can admire the well-preserved rich interior decor.
Location: Prechistenskaya emb., 29
The building was erected in 1899–1901 by order of the patron and art collector Ivan Tsvetkov. Located not far from the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the mansion stood out sharply against the surrounding buildings. It was built according to sketches by Vasily Vasnetsov and was intended to house the owner's private collection. Carved stone balconies with a domed roof above them, rooms with massive chandeliers exactly replicating church chandeliers from the time of Ivan the Terrible, benches-chests made of wood – all this creates the very recognizable “Russian” style.
Tsvetkov was a devoted admirer of Russian art and wanted to create an art gallery
In 1909 Ivan Tsvetkov donated his house to the capital. In 1917 the patron died, the mansion temporarily became an art museum. During the war, it housed the headquarters. Today, in Tsvetkov's house, there is the residence of veterans of the Normandy – Neman air regiment and the military attaché of France.
Zinaida Pertsova's house
Constructed in 1905–1907, this house has become one of the most colorful buildings in Moscow. Engineer Pyotr Pertsov, having visited the aforementioned Ivan Tsvetkov, also wanted to build a house-casket. He designed the building for his wife Zinaida, whose name the mansion still bears.
The author of the project was Sergey Malyutin, who embodied an amazing idea: he specially made windows of different sizes in order to keep the stylization. The Pertsovs' apartment occupied a separate wing of several floors and looked like a Russian hut: tiled stoves, oak furniture, stained-glass windows and even elevators were inside the house.
Peter Pertsov wanted to rent housing in the house to artists and artists . Creative intelligentsia also gathered here, and a cabaret was located in the basement. The building often aroused amazement among passers-by, who looked at its decoration for a long time.
Leo Trotsky lived here during the Soviet era. Now the house belongs to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Although the interior of Pertsova's house was lost, the exterior of the building has been well preserved, forcing passers-by to stop to this day to admire its unusual, fabulous view.
Where is located: st. Bolshaya Yakimanka, 43, building 1
The owner of this mansion was the merchant Nikolai Igumnov, who owned gold mines. The architect of the building was Nikolai Pozdeev. The house according to his project cost Igumnov a million rubles, which by those standards was an unimaginable sum. wp-content/uploads/2022/06/6cd338b441712362beed7036e61f6973.jpg” width=”728″ height=”434″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”Fairy-tale houses in Moscow : the best examples of Russian architecture worth visiting in the summer of 2022″ />
Outwardly, Igumnov's house resembles ancient Russian chambers: brick walls, windows, balconies, doors decorated with bas-reliefs, the facade – with mosaics. It depicts plants and birds. Inside the building there is a wide staircase lavishly decorated with gold patterns.
After the revolution, this building also passed to the Soviet authorities. Now the residence of the French ambassador is located in the fabulous boyar chamber and sometimes events are held, one way or another connected with French culture – then happy visitors can admire the well-preserved rich interior decor.
st. Malaya Gruzinskaya, 15
The building was erected in the 1890s of the XIX century. Its owner was the philanthropist Pyotr Shchukin, who collects Russian art. For the construction of the building, he invited the architect of Austrian origin Boris Freidenberg. The “Russian” style that was relevant at that time in architecture suited the content of Shchukin’s collection, and the design of his museum went in this direction. >
The appearance of the mansion really resembles a tower with a spacious porch and sharp roofs of different heights. Inside there were halls with vaults, decorated with floral ornaments. Later, another building in the same “Russian style” was built next to the Shchukin estate, and the houses were connected by an underground passage.
Shchukin died in 1912. After the revolution, his huge collection was divided between the Historical Museum, the Museum of Oriental Art, the Tretyakov Gallery, and the Historical Library. In our time, the building on Malaya Gruzinskaya has become the State Biological Museum. K.A. Timiryazev.