Monuments to the victims of the Holocaust: five contemporary memorials

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From January 17 to February 4, Russia will host the annual “Week of Remembrance” – a series of events dedicated to the International Holocaust Remembrance Day on January 27. In this collection, we will introduce you to five modern memorials dedicated to the dead

The Shoah Memorial in Bologna. SET Architects, 2016

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Bologna, a city in northern Italy, has a stunning Shoah memorial designed by SET Architects. It stands a stone's throw from the Central Railway Station and is visible even from passing trains. However, it is worth getting acquainted with it not just from the train window: erected in just 2 months in 2016, it has become one of the most important modern monuments on the Holocaust.

The monument is made of steel parallelepipeds 10 meters high and wide. Steel gradually rusts, but this is not a mistake of architects who have chosen the wrong material, but an idea that reflects the passage of time. Even now, the monument looks like it is several decades old, & nbsp; – it is quite possible to believe that it is a contemporary of the Holocaust. The second idea of ​​the authors was to create a narrow passage between the two parts of the memorial, which resembles the road along which the prisoners of Auschwitz (Auschwitz) got to Auschwitz II. jpg” width=”4608″ height=”3456″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-top” data-v-0571743d=”1″ />

National Holocaust Monument in Ottawa. Architect Daniel Libeskind, 2017

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Until recently, in Canada, the only country of the Anti-Hitler coalition, there was not a single monument to the victims of the Holocaust. The situation changed in 2017, when the National Holocaust Monument was erected in the center of the capital. Created by architect Daniel Libeskind, the memorial consists of six triangular volumes that, when viewed from above, form the Star of David, the very one that Jews had to wear in ghettos and concentration camps. The triangles were also not chosen by chance: they marked other groups of prisoners (political prisoners, homosexuals, gypsies).

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“Levenslicht” in Rotterdam. Dan Rosergarde, 2020

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In 2020, a temporary memorial called “Levenslicht” appeared in Denmark, which translates from Danish as “Light of Life”. It really glowed: 104 & nbsp; thousands of luminous stones formed a circle of memory, each stone symbolized the soul of the murdered and deported during the Holocaust. The author of the impressive project, Dutch artist Daan Roosegaarde, said that the idea for such a monument came to his mind when he heard the story of the captives who were taken to Westerbork. The door of their carriage did not close tightly, and a beam of light penetrated through the crack. “Everyone was looking at him —it was a real beacon of hope,” says the artist.Photo #9 - Holocaust Memorials: Five Contemporary Memorials

Dallas Holocaust Remembrance and Human Rights Museum, 2021

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The museum, opened last year in the United States, is dedicated to two topics at once: the Holocaust and human rights. The façade of the building is clad in copper panels, which will develop a natural patina over time, giving the building a “historic touch” like old coins, weapons and barbed wire. The lower part of the walls is lined with gray brick, evoking the association with a concentration camp.  The exposition tells stories recorded from the words of former prisoners. The closer to the exit, the brighter the exhibition halls. The atrium glass wall brings natural light into the building. /51e11b752cd899bc2bac531ae3e85ba7.jpg” width=”728″ height=”485″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-0571743d=”1″ alt=”Photo #11 – Holocaust memorials: five contemporary memorials”/

Memorial to the victims of the Holocaust in Berlin. Architect Peter Eisenman, 2005 ” width=”727″ height=”485″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-0571743d=”1″ alt=”Photo #12 – Holocaust memorials: five contemporary memorials” />

Among the most grandiose monuments dedicated to the memory of the victims of the Holocaust is the memorial in Berlin, built in 2005 by the deconstructivist architect Peter Eiseman (Peter Eisenman). As conceived by the author, it should remind of how any, even the most insane, idea can cause a catastrophe and turn into millions of victims. The memorial is a huge field of concrete slabs, the passage between which is too narrow for two people to walk between them. When you walk through this labyrinth alone, you experience a whole range of feelings: fear, despair, horror, humility – everything that those who went to their death in the gas chambers felt.

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January 27 at the Moscow musical theater “Helikon-Opera” a charitable memorial evening “Keeper of Memory” will take place – the key event of the “Week of Memory”. At the event, the choir and orchestra of the musical theater will perform the 13th symphony of Dmitry Shostakovich “Babi Yar”. The proceeds from ticket sales will be directed to the Regain Dignity program of the Russian Jewish Congress and the Holocaust Center, thanks to which more than 90 monuments to the victims of the Holocaust have already been unveiled in Russia. You can buy tickets for the concert on the website https://www.memoryweek.ru/hranitel-2-2/

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