The most unusual greenhouses in the world


A rainforest, a vegetable garden, a water lily pond, a palm plantation, or even an entire restaurant can all be hidden in a greenhouse right in the middle of a city park. Exploring the Most Impressive Examples

Temperate House Pavilion, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London

The world's largest surviving Victorian greenhouse, Temperate House is located in Kew Gardens in London. This one-of-a-kind London “oasis” is striking in scale and picturesque landscape – the pavilion was designed by Decimus Burton. The first visitors were able to appreciate it back in the 1860s. Currently, there are ten thousand rare and endangered plants here. The architectural site is under the protection of UNESCO. The restoration process has been overseen since 2012 by the heritage conservation studio Donald Insall Associates.

Stock greenhouse, Botanical garden. N. V. Tsitsina Ran, Moscow

The construction of a new greenhouse in the Moscow Botanical Garden began in the early 1990s, then it was suspended and resumed again. In 2016, the Stock Greenhouse with an area of ​​about 9 thousand square meters appeared on the city map. The collection is based on a collection of rare plants obtained in 1947 from the German greenhouse Sanssouci (Potsdam). Since then, the list of plants has been significantly expanded. The glass pavilion consists of several sectors with different climatic conditions recreated inside. The artificial relief is unusually diverse – grottoes, rocks, winding paths, pools that imitate natural ponds.

Greenhouses of the Moscow State University Botanical Garden “Apothecary Garden”, Moscow

“Pharmaceutical garden” was founded in 1706 by order of Peter I for the cultivation of medicinal plants. By the beginning of the 19th century, the largest collection in Russia of many hundreds of plant species was formed here, which was bought by Moscow University in 1805 to train future doctors. To this day, the oldest botanical garden in Moscow remains under his jurisdiction. The greenhouse in the Moscow Botanical Garden “Aptekarskiy Ogorod” boasts one of the most extensive collections of tropical plants – water lilies, lotuses, cocoa, bananas, guava, papaya, sugar cane, orchids, and this is not a complete list. Among the rare “inhabitants” the world's largest water lily, Victoria amazonica, with leaves up to 2 meters in diameter, was spotted. The Victoria flower lives for about 48 hours, during which time it changes its color. On the first evening, large white, on the second night – purple. The list of plants is constantly updated.

Greenhouses of the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden

VL Komarov Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg (formerly the Imperial Botanical Garden) – one of the oldest botanical gardens in Russia. Several greenhouses have been built on its territory. One of the largest – the Palm Greenhouse was built at the end of the 19th century, architects – Jerome Sevastyanovich Kitner and Nikolai Ivanovich de Rochefort.

, St. Petersburg

The greenhouse was installed in the Tauride Garden in St. Petersburg in 1935. Before that, the Palm Greenhouse was located in its place, which was subsequently dismantled and moved to the Botanical Garden. The current pavilion was transported to this place from Tsarskoye Selo (the building was designed in 1900 by the architect Alexander Romanovich Bach). It is curious that the greenhouse “lit up” in feature films: “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson”, “The Musketeers 20 Years Later” and many others.

Greenhouse in the Botanical Gardens in the Leuertush2

Leiden Botanical Garden in Holland is one of the oldest in the world. The date of its foundation is 1590. The garden was laid out at Leiden University. The management of the garden was entrusted to Karl Clusius, a university professor of botany and a physician. The Dutch pharmacist, botanist Dirck Cluyt, known as Theodorus Clutius, helped him to collect the collection. Initially, the garden was intended to grow exclusively medicinal plants, after which it has expanded significantly. Since the 1740s, the first greenhouse for greenhouse plants was built in the garden.

De Kas conservatory restaurant in Amsterdam

The Frankendael Park in Amsterdam is home to one of the most unusual restaurants in Europe, where haute cuisine can literally be tasted in a greenhouse environment. The kitchen and restaurant hall are located in a large greenhouse, next to a vegetable garden, where products are partially grown, from which local dishes are prepared. De Kas's fruits, fish and organic meats come from the outskirts of Amsterdam. Previously, the greenhouse was entirely used for its intended purpose, the glass pavilion was built in 1926. But after it fell into disrepair, it was bought from the city authorities to open a restaurant.

Royal Greenhouses of Brussels

The greenhouses in the Laeken district of Brussels are located directly in the Royal Residence. The greenhouses were built at the end of the 19th century. The original project was overseen by King Leopold II of Belgium, architect Alphonse Hubert François Balat. From 1876 to 1890 on an area of ​​1.5 hectares, a winter garden, a palm pavilion, a theater greenhouse, a mirror greenhouse, Diana's greenhouse, Congo House, Azalea House, Geranium Gallery and some other structures were planned. Brussels greenhouses contain a unique collection of rare and exotic plants and flowers, including a large collection of camellias.

One of the most futuristic greenhouses in the world is the work of the architect Santiago Calatrava on the territory of the City of Arts and Science (Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias) in Valencia, Spain. A bold project was implemented in 2000. In the construction, the architect used glass, metal and concrete. The greenhouse is a long arched corridor, within which many different plants typical for the region are grown.

Botanical Greenhouse Garden of Curitiba, Brazil

The Fanshetta Rischbeater Botanical Garden in the largest city in southern Brazil, Curitiba, was opened in 1991. The landscape is in the style of classic French gardens – with lush flower beds, fountains and ponds. A glass greenhouse is also located on the territory of the garden. Pavilion with an area of ​​458 sq. m. was built on the model of the Crystal Palace in London.

Architect Renzo Piano. It is here, on the embankment in the port area, that a futuristic structure designed by the Renzo Piano Workshop Building & nbsp; – a ball-biosphere-greenhouse appeared. Inside are many types of tropical plants, from mangroves to coconut trees. In addition, the greenhouse in Genoa is home to many species of tropical butterflies.

Flower Dome and Cloud Forest in Singapore

The greenhouses at Marina Bay South Park are one of the main attractions in Singapore. The complex includes two main greenhouses: Flower Dome and Cloud Forest. Both structures were built along the banks of the reservoir. The architectural design was developed by Wilkinson Eyre Architects. Inside, plants and flowers are grown mainly from the Mediterranean and subtropical zones.

Kibble Palace, Glasgow Botanical Garden, UK

Glasgow Botanical Garden was founded in 1817. In 1842, it was moved to a new location, where it is now. His collection includes many unique plants collected during expeditions to the United Kingdom and other continents, including the National Collection of Begonia, the National Collection of Tree Ferns, and the National Collection of Dendrodium Orchids. The main decoration of the garden is Kibble Palace, a huge greenhouse with domes with an area of ​​2 thousand square meters. m, built in the middle of the 19th century from iron and glass.

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