After the museum guides to the institutions Paris and London ARTANDHOUSES continues to introduce readers to must-see places for all art lovers. Today is our pick of New York museums and galleries.
The content of the article:
- 1 Metropolitan Museum
- 2 MoMA Museum of Contemporary Art
- 3 and MoMA PS1 branch
- 4 Neue Galerie
- 5 Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
- 6 Cooper Hewitt Museum
- 7 Whitney Museum of American Art
- 8 Frick Collection
- 9 New Museum
- 10 Museum of Arts and Design (MAD)
- 11 Castelli Gallery
- 12 Gagosian Gallery
- 13 The FLAG Art Foundation
- 14 Museum of the Moving Image
- 15 Morgan Library & amp; Museum
- 16 International Center of Photography Museum
The Grand Museum in terms of the completeness and subject matter of collections, one of the most visited museums in the world, the Metropolitan is located on 5th Avenue and is part of the so-called Museum mile … Three private collections of European painting became its basis almost one hundred and fifty years ago. Since then, the collection of the museum has grown significantly (now it has about two million exhibits) and has expanded thematically: it houses collections dedicated to Ancient Egypt, ancient and African art, weapons and armor from different countries and eras, impressionist and post-impressionist paintings, as well as the Institute costume with its annual Met Gala, which brings together stars from the world of fashion, film, art and music. Based on the wide range of works of art in the permanent exhibition, temporary exhibitions are also quite varied – from projects related to ancient civilizations to contemporary art, photography and fashion.
MoMA Museum of Contemporary Art
and MoMA PS1 branch
www.moma.org , www.momaps1.org
< p> Another star of the Manhattan Museum Mile – MoMA Museum of Contemporary Art , founded in the 1920s with the assistance of the Rockefeller family. Some of the first additions to the collection were “House by the Railroad” by Edward Hopper and the bronze version of “Birds in Space” by Constantin Brancusi … Now the museum has one of the world's largest collections of 20th century art, which is actively replenished today. Thus, here you can see the Russian avant-garde, works in the style of minimalism, pop art, abstract expressionism, digital and many other styles and trends in world art.
In the Queens area houses the museum branch MoMA PS1 – a platform for progressive experimental art, operating since 1971.
Private The museum was founded by the entrepreneur and philanthropist Ronald Lauder in memory of his friend, art dealer Serge Sabarski, who shared his passion for German and Austrian art and design from the 1890s-1940s.
Neue Galerie is located in a cozy mansion at the intersection of 86th Street and 5th Avenue, which clearly shows the taste of its organizer: on the ground floor there are works by by Gustav Klimt , Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka, and on the second – Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Otto Dix.
Crème de la crème of the collection – “Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I”, or “Golden Adele”, 1907 by Gustav Klimt, which Lauder acquired for the museum in 2006 for $ 135 million. movie “The Woman in Gold” was recently filmed starring Helen Mirren and Ryan Reynolds. This museum, also part of the Museum Mile, also hosts temporary exhibitions dedicated to German Expressionism, individual members of the movement and their connection with world art.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
The Museum continues the Museum's traditions non-figurative painting, the first of its kind, which is Solomon Guggenheim opened in the late 1930s in a specially rented apartment in Manhattan. There, visitors could see the paintings by Wassily Kandinsky and his followers, in particular Rudolf Bauer and Otto Nebel, and soon there were so many of them that the need for a separate building became obvious. p>
The museum was designed by the great Frank Lloyd Wright, and now the building is considered the same full representative of the collection as the masterpieces it contains. The architect violated all possible rules for organizing a museum space by launching the movement of visitors from top to bottom along a ramp, which offers views of multi-level galleries and works of art – for example, the works of Amadeo Modigliani, Fernand Leger, Theo van Doesburg and Paul Klee.
Now the Guggenheim Museum is one of the most recognizable brands in art, which also unites museums in Venice and Bilbao.
Cooper Hewitt Museum
Cooper-Hewitt Museum Is one of nineteen institutions organized under the wing of the Smithsonian Institution. He specializes not only in modern, but also in historical design, which is understandable, given its foundation back in the 1890s in the likeness of the Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris. Over the years, it has become more than just an educational museum for future designers and decorators.
Among the main exhibits in the collection of several hundred items is the Abraham Lincoln chair , items from Fontainebleau and even Soviet propaganda. There was also a Rolls-Royce of The Beatles, but the museum decided to sell it and raised more than $ 2 million for development.
The Design Museum has moved several times and recently reopened after renovating entrepreneur and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie's 5th Avenue mansion. Now it is equipped with all sorts of multimedia innovations, including a magic pen, with which you can make your own selection of exhibits and learn absolutely everything about them, as well as an immersive room, on the walls of which you can “stick” any wallpaper from the museum collection. It also hosts temporary exhibitions that may be associated with a specific piece of furniture, design direction or person.
Whitney Museum of American Art
The founder of the museum, the wealthy heiress Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney became interested in art after she traveled to Europe at the very beginning of the twentieth century. She even started taking lessons in sculpting, and not from anyone, but from Auguste Rodin , and even became a rather successful sculptor, whose works are installed in the USA and Europe. But most of all she became famous as a philanthropist helping artists. In fact, the museum, to which Gloria donated seven hundred works from her collection, has grown from an exhibition hall for aspiring American authors. Since then, the collection has increased tenfold – now it houses and displays more than twenty-three thousand works of art by three thousand American artists. Among them are both unconditional stars, for example Mark Rothko, Alexander Calder , Cindy Sherman and Marina Abramovich, and those who still prove the right to be mentioned in the history of art.
< p class = "p3"> Not so long ago Whitney Museum moved to a new building designed by Renzo Piano in Manhattan's Meatpacking District, while the former took over the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
In addition to temporary exhibitions, once in For two years, the Whitney Biennale has been held here, where you can see the most progressive American art.
< span class = "s4"> www.frick.org
Entrepreneur Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919) collected one of the most outstanding collections of old masters in the world, which literally contains almost everything, including works by Bellini, Raphael, Rembrandt, Vermeer and Goya. In addition to painting, the neoclassical 5th Avenue mansion houses an extensive collection of arts and crafts and European sculpture. This museum is worth visiting, if only because works from its collection can only be seen here, since they are not lent out for temporary projects. And special exhibitions, concerts and educational programs contribute to the full immersion in the atmosphere of the flourishing of European art. In addition, the museum today actively acquires masterpieces of painting: for example, the fantastic Danae, showered with a golden rain, by the brushes of Orazio Gentileschi, the institution acquired in 2016 for $ 30.5 million.
There are a lot of sites in New York where they are engaged in contemporary art practices, but New Museum in this sense, perhaps, surpasses all. First, the museum, which was founded in 1977 by the former curator of the Whitney Museum, Marcia Tucker , a radical approach was declared – every ten years the collection had to be completely renewed, and only living artists could exhibit here. This plan was never destined to come true, but here they still give way to the young, which requires considerable efforts from the leadership to raise funds to support an art unknown to anyone. But it was here that the first exhibitions of William Kentridge and Paul McCarthy took place before they became widely known. The museum building in the Boweri area, designed by Kazuo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa from the SANAA bureau. It resembles a child's pyramid made of stacked cubes, which seems to shimmer and shimmer – this effect is created thanks to the anodized aluminum mesh that tightens the building.
Museum of Arts and Design (MAD)
Unlike the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, it has a collection of international contemporary design dating back to the 1950s. Actually, then the museum was founded on the initiative of Eileen Osborne Webb , the daughter of a collector and philanthropist. All MAD exhibition projects are inspired by innovative ideas from around the world. Particular attention is paid here to education & # 8212; conduct seminars, theoretical and practical classes for students and adults, as well as families.
As is the tradition of all dynamic institutions with expanding collections, this museum changed names and locations until it finally moved to a building designed by Brad Cloepfil of Allied Works Architecture nearly a decade ago.
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Financier and collector Leo Castelli , who emigrated to the United States soon after the outbreak of World War II and later became a gallery owner, largely contributed to the fact that American post-war art not only appeared, but also became known and recognized throughout the world. The starting point is considered to be 1964, when Robert Rauschenberg, an artist from his gallery, received the Golden Lion at the Venice Biennale. And six years earlier, the Castelli Gallery, shortly after its opening, hosted the very first exhibition of the current classic Jasper Johns, and then Cy Twombly, Frank Stella, Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol and many others, making this place a center for conceptual art. minimalism and pop art.
Leo Castelli's two-space gallery in New York is now run by his wife, Barbara Bertozzi Castelli . Here to this day exhibitions of post-war art are held, but they are done with a critical approach, adding works by contemporary authors.
Willy-nilly critics are comparing two pillars of the gallery business – Leo Castelli and Larry Gagosian whose influence on the modern art process can hardly be overestimated. The latter called the former a teacher and said that he understood a lot because he simply watched Castelli's work. Some famous names, such as Warhol and Twombly, are the same for the galleries. But the Gagosian gallery represents the interests of dozens of artists, including famous and still working – Anish Kapoor, Jeff Koons and others, actively participating in world exhibitions and fairs. Now Gagosian has eighteen representative offices in the USA, Europe and Asia and has a reputation as the number 1 art dealer in the world. He also had plans for Moscow, which, however, were not destined to come true due to the global crisis of 2008 – at the height of the opening day at Krasny Oktyabr with the participation of many famous artists from the gallery pool and stars of world show business .
The FLAG Art Foundation
Co-founder of investment company MSD Capital, LP Glenn Furman opened The FLAG Art Foundation in bohemian Chelsea in 2008- a platform that shows the widest audience that contemporary art can be understood by absolutely anyone, even the most unprepared viewer. To do this, they show here from four to six exhibitions a year by world-famous artists and beginners. Large-scale projects of Roy Lichtenstein, Chuck Close, Jeff Koons, art duo Elmgrin and Dragset have already taken place here. All FLAG programs – conversations with artists, workshops, and so on – are open and available to the public for free.
Museum of the Moving Image
While the whole world is thinking about how best to exhibit and store various films and video installations, in America it is already working < strong> Museum of Moving Image specializing in film, television and computer games. It is located on the territory of the former studio “Kaufman-Astoria”, where the early films of the Marx brothers, authors of black-and-white comedies, were made, in which someone falls, then someone gets a cake in the face. The museum's collection contains one hundred and thirty thousand artifacts, more than a thousand of which are stills from famous films and the equipment with which they were shot, as well as sketches, costumes, make-up options, posters presented in the permanent exhibition “Behind the Screen”. In addition, there is a cinema hall, where new films are shown.
Morgan Library & amp; Museum
It is worth getting here if only to see the luxurious interiors in the style of the Italian Renaissance – from this period the founder of the library, banker John Pierpont Morgan began collecting books and manuscripts. At first, the library was built for personal use near his home in Manhattan, and in 1924 it was opened to the public. Among the most valuable items are a manuscript Bible belonging to Saint Louis, New Testament papyri, Albrecht Dürer's engraving “Adam and Eve” and the largest collection in the United States of the Flemish painter Hans Memling. In the 2000s, the building was rebuilt according to the project of Renzo Piano and now it regularly hosts temporary exhibitions, where you can see, for example, medieval publications decorated with gold and precious stones, or drawings by Mantegna, Canaletto, Rembrandt and artists of the 20th century.
International Center of Photography Museum
Life magazine photographer and Magnum Photo contributor Cornell Capa founded the International Center for Photography in the early 1970s with a romantic idea of changing the world for the better – social and political photography was supposed to contribute to this. , which began to be collected and shown here. Now the mission of the Bowery-based organization is seen somewhat broader – namely, the role of photo, video and new media in public processes. However, here all this is not boring at all – the exhibitions, despite the documentary nature, are always very spectacular, there is also a school that annually graduates three and a half thousand people, a library and an archive.