What apartments look like in the famous House on the embankment

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We talk about how the house for the Soviet elite became a museum of the history of the Gulag and see what it sells now

What apartments look like in the famous Embankment House

Eight buildings, almost three and a half hectares, 505 apartments, 25 entrances… And all this & nbsp; – in the very heart of Moscow. We are talking about the very “House on the Embankment” on Serafimovicha Street, 2 – a vivid example of constructivism and a symbol of the Soviet era, built in 1931 and which has become a cult residential complex in Moscow.

The names of this building, which later became synonymous with Stalinist repressions (it was there that the elite lived, who suffered from them), are quite a lot: “House of the Central Executive Committee” and “SNK of the USSR”, “House of Government”, “First House of Soviets” and, of course, the most famous & nbsp ;- “House on the embankment”. It is under the last name that he is mentioned in the story of the same name by Yuri Trifonov, partly reflecting the realities of the Soviet era. The stratification of society, conformism, questions of choice – the reality that the author sought to reflect was superimposed on the classic surroundings of the legendary Moscow house. What apartments look like in the famous House on the EmbankmentConstruction of the house, 1930.What apartments look like in the famous House on the EmbankmentArchitect Boris Iofan (third from left) at the construction site of the House of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars, early 1930s.

The House on the Embankment was designed by the famous Soviet architect Boris Iofan, the author of the Palace of Soviets that was never built, the USSR pavilions at the World Exhibitions in Paris and New York, the Baumanskaya metro station and many other famous projects.

The area of ​​apartments in the legendary house varied from 40 to 300 square meters, there were only two of them per floor, and all of them were equipped with the most necessary things by modern standards – gas stoves, radio, telephones, garbage disposal and water supply. Among the pleasant design additions were oak parquet and stucco, designed with the participation of restorers from the Hermitage. 

The vast residential complex had its own post office, first-aid post, savings bank, kindergarten, library, laundry, shop, canteen, cinema – everything so that the residents did not need anything. But, unfortunately, this did not bring happiness to many of them. /2022/06/41372cffc8a84683a106392e01a3aa31.jpg” width=”728″ height=”479″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”What apartments look like in the famous Embankment House” />

Initially, the House on the Embankment was built for the resettlement of the top party leadership – after all, the Kremlin was supposed to become the exclusively personal residence of Stalin and his entourage. The construction of the residential complex lasted four years – from 1928 to 1931. Today it is hard to imagine, but until the mid-1950s, the building was considered one of the tallest in Moscow! After commissioning  the house was inhabited by representatives of the elite – the same one that was later persecuted during the years of the so-called “great terror”. More than 700 people were repressed among those living in the First House of Soviets. /uploads/2022/06/a7bbf11b3b907fb6077e8ba860b6a827.jpg” width=”728″ height=”646″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”What apartments look like in the famous House on embankment” />Cinema “Drummer” is part of the “House on the Embankment”. The building in the constructivist style has a stepped sliding roof that opens manually. Such a decision was intended not only to entertain the public, but also to ventilate the hall with minimal energy consumption.

INTERESTING FACTS:

  • Among the residents of the house were such famous personalities as L. Beria, M. Tukhachevsky, A. Tvardovsky, E. Evtushenko, A. Voznesensky, K. Paustovsky, R. Rozhdestvensky and V. Aksenov. Alexander Shirvindt and Dmitry Nagiev.

  • For the construction of the foundation of the “First House of Soviets” went … tombstones from the nearest cemetery! Initially, for the construction of a residential complex, they planned to demolish the nearby church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, but later this plan was abandoned.

  • The windows of the first and twelfth entrances overlooked the Kremlin. Apartments in such apartments were considered especially desirable!

  • The higher the position, the higher the floor. As they moved up the career ladder, tenants moved up inside the residential complex.

  • Hot water was available in the House. Are you surprised? But in the thirties it was not even in the Kremlin!

  • Entrance number 11 was uninhabited, there were no apartments or elevators.

  • In 2014, the House on the Embankment Museum became a department of the museum association Museum of Moscow, and since 2016 it has become part of the State Museum of the History of the Gulag.

  • In the post-Soviet period, expats liked to settle in the House on the Embankment: they liked the beautiful view of the Kremlin and were not embarrassed by the history of this house.

  • In the early 2000s, the first edition was located in the House on the Embankment of our publishing house.

93 000 000 ₽.

Among them there are very attractive offers like a 4-room apartment of 97.5 m² on the third floor for only 48 000 000 ₽. The renovation of the 2000s did not bypass this apartment, which brought with it bulky furniture and an awkward shower cabin that occupied half of the bathroom. But in general, the original layout here has not suffered much. The apartment has a large living room with a dining area, a compact kitchen, two bedrooms, a separate study, a bathroom with a window and a guest bathroom. Almost no historical details have been preserved: floors, frames, doors – everything is new.

1/11Photo: cian.ru

Another 4-room apartment of 103 m² on the third floor of the house can be purchased for 64 900 000 ₽. She interested us with her “killed” state & nbsp; – it seems that nothing has been changed here since the time of construction. If you close your eyes to the antediluvian furniture and general devastation, you can notice some interesting details that are clearly preserved from ancient times. First off, the herringbone hardwood floors – they've clearly been here since the house was built. Secondly, wooden doors with frosted glass – it seems that they have not been changed since the times of the USSR either. A “cascade” chandelier in a long corridor, built-in wooden furniture and, of course, the main detail is a double enameled sink with a cabinet in the kitchen. It is possible that the kitchens were equipped with such blocks during the construction of this house. Well, the “icing on the cake” & nbsp; – layout. We believe that she is the most authentic here.

1/16Photo: cian.ru

And one more curious “three-ruble note” on the sixth floor with an area of ​​61 m², which is sold for 52 000 000 ₽. The original doors and parquet floors have also been preserved here (which in the 2000s were covered with carpet, which was fashionable at that time). The angular layout, ceiling height and stunning views from the window are impressive.

1/23Photo: cian.ru

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