Stalin skyscrapers are one of the main architectural symbols of Moscow. Monumental from the outside, they make an indelible impression with their appearance alone. It's a completely different feeling to live inside. ELLE DECORATION looked into the apartments of the iconic high-rise on Barrikadnaya
July 22, 2022
We have collected interesting facts about the high-rise that you hardly knew (even if you pass by more than once)!
The content of the article:
- 1 Several names
- 2 Quick Start
- 3 The skyscraper was built on the site of the temple
- 4 Unique technique
- 5 The leader had a hand
- 6 Blending Styles
- 7 Advanced infrastructure
- 8 Turnkey apartments
- 9 Star neighbors
- 10 Why so expensive?
- 11 Inconvenient layout
- 12 WHAT IS NOW?
- 13 HIGH-RISE APARTMENTS
If you hear “House to Revolt” or “House of Aviators”, then we are talking about this skyscraper. Until 1992, the square on which the Soviet skyscraper stands was called Vosstaniya Square. And the building was nicknamed the “House of Aviators” because the heads of aviation enterprises and test pilots settled there – the controlling organization during the construction was the USSR Ministry of Aviation Industry. .jpg” />High-rise building on Vosstaniya Square. Architects
USSR Postage Stamp No. 1583. Project skyscrapers on Vosstaniya Square.
The first stone of the “high-rise building on Vosstaniya” was laid on September 7, 1947, the year of the 800th anniversary of Moscow, simultaneously with the start of construction of seven more high-rise buildings. They were supposed to become a symbol of the greatness of the Soviet Union, the people who won the Great Patriotic War, and the main architectural dominants of the capital.
The project was developed by architects of the main workshop No. 9 of the Mosproekt Institute Mikhail Posokhin and Ashot Mndoyants, designer M. N. Volkhonsky.
The skyscraper was built on the site of the temple
Before the war it was the outskirts of the city. The high-rise dominant of the district was the Church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos in Kudrin – a 17th-century church destroyed in 1937. In its place, it was decided to build a skyscraper. Since the construction site was located on a slope, the area had to be filled up and leveled, so the square in front of the building was reinforced with granite walls 4.5 m high. />Still from the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”. Directed by Vladimir Menshov, 1979
Previously, the USSR had no experience in the construction of such gigantic monumental high-rise buildings, so they literally learned to build a high-rise building “on the go”, developing and immediately putting into operation new technical capacities. Reinforced concrete plants producing materials for the building were opened in the Moscow region. For the first time in history, a concrete pump was launched, pumping fresh mortar to a height. They also developed unique tower cranes that lifted themselves from floor to floor as the skyscraper was being built.Construction of a high-rise building on Vosstaniya Square.
The leader had a hand
Stalin personally supervised the construction of high-rise buildings at all stages, starting with the idea. “They go to America with us, then they come and gasp – oh, what huge houses! Let them go to Moscow now, see what kind of houses we have, let them gasp,” he said. According to memoirs, it was he who came up with the idea to crown the building with a pointed spire.
The star of the residential skyscraper on Kudrinskaya Square, 2015.
Speaking of pointed spire. High-rise buildings, unique in their kind, do not fit into any architectural direction. So, marble columns, candelabra lamps, spiers and stained-glass windows date back to the Gothic style, the parapets are made in the ancient Roman style, and the roofs of the stylobate are decorated with typical sculptural portraits of Soviet workers and soldiers (they were designed by Nikolai Nikogosyan and Mikhail Baburin).
< img data-src="/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/977ca94fd1d1d21ef07ec7f0ca46b07b.jpg" />Sculpture on the stylobate, 2015.
As in the high-rise building on Kotelnicheskaya embankment, the high-rise building on Vosstaniya had a developed infrastructure. Underground parking, a room for storing strollers and bicycles, a huge grocery store and a cinema with 540 seats, a cafe and a hairdresser – no, this is not a description of a modern residential complex, but historical facts: a high-rise building had such amenities when commissioned in 1954. The construction of a bomb shelter was also mandatory – the era of the Cold War was coming. 2022/07/da67b1b4c9abec856c3f730317c81c75.jpg” width=”332″ height=”481″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”What apartments look like in the famous Stalinist skyscraper on Vosstaniya Square “/>Deli number 15 in a skyscraper on the square. Uprising.Turnkey apartments
Housing was rented out according to the “come in and live” principle – with built-in furniture and installed refrigerators. The kitchens were provided with sinks with waste shredders (and today not everyone can find such) and separate access to the garbage chute. The skyscraper was equipped not only with a ventilation system, but also with air conditioning and dust removal systems.This is how the interiors of the halls of the famous skyscraper look like today: marble floors, wall decoration, columns and massive metal lamps have been preserved from Soviet times.
Scientist-surgeon Alexander Bakulev is one of the famous residents of the high-rise building on Barrikadnaya.
The “House of Aviators” is now considered an elite real estate. And in the days of the USSR, it was a place of life for the most advanced people and celebrities. Among them were actress Elina Bystritskaya, space rocket designer Vasily Mishin, aviation colonel general Mikhail Gromov, surgeon Alexander Bakulev, actor Yevgeny Vesnik, musician Oleg Lundstrem and chess player Vasily Smyslov. Here, by the way, according to the plot of the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”, rich Moscow relatives of Ekaterina lived, whose apartment she looked after.
Stills from the film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”. Directed by Vladimir Menshov, 1979
Why so expensive?
On average, the cost per square meter of living space in a high-rise building was estimated to be four times more expensive than a meter in the historical center of Moscow (and six times more expensive than in any other high-rise building). The reason is not only that the Soviet skyscraper managed to become a symbol of Moscow – it was necessary to recoup the exorbitant costs (about 650 million rubles) for its construction and rich finishing work – what are the granite, marble and oak floors, stained-glass windows and candelabra.
In the design of the floors, the original details are still preserved: oak doors, herringbone parquet, massive lamps.
Despite the luxury, the skyscraper caused fair criticism. The area of the building, occupied by the walls themselves, and the area of the public territory (entrances, stairs) turned out to be larger than the residential area. This explains the strange layout of the premises. So, the Soviet skyscraper has 40-meter three-room apartments and 50-meter two-room apartments, and some rooms have three doors. >This is what the interior of public areas looks like today. The elevators are finished in oak, the wall above the elevators is painted with stained glass.
WHAT IS NOW?
-content/uploads/2022/07/fc959cbc15a37dfe6e4987dd2cb60888.jpg” width=”332″ height=”497″ class=”lazy-image__image _align-center” data-v-64ca9b5a=”1″ alt=”What apartments in the famous Stalin's skyscraper on Vosstaniya Square” />View of the skyscraper from the territory of the Moscow Zoo, 2008
Alas, the monumental building was not serviced in Soviet times – no major repairs were made here, the water supply and sewerage systems remained the same. Today, the bomb shelter is periodically flooded by sewerage, the upper non-residential floors are dilapidated, and decorative elements are destroyed. In addition, extensions (for example, the scandalous bowling alley, which was listed as an office building) have an additional load. Many residents are also bothered by an unpleasant smell – the old engineering networks and the mold that has spread in them make themselves felt. The inhabitants of the high-rise building have to wall up the garbage chutes and deal with the management company.
Apartments in the famous high-rise building on Kudrinskaya appear on sale from time to time. Their price varies from 600,000-700,000 rub up to 1,000,000 rubles per square meter. Currently, there are several offers on the market – these are all two-three-room apartments. Let's take a closer look at them.
2-room apartment, 50.4 m², 7th floor
35,000,000 ₽ (694,444 ₽/m²)
This apartment is notable for its layout: even from these photos taken on the phone, it is clear that it is original, without alteration. A long and narrow corridor, two separate rooms (19 and 11 sqm), a relatively small but bright kitchen (8 sqm). Thanks to the owners for not touching the original oak parquet, native stucco and “sockets” on the ceiling – they are perfectly preserved and look like in the old days. A separate delight – large windows, 3.3 m ceilings and a view from the windows of the Krasnopresnenskaya and Moscow City metro stations.
2-room apartment, 74 ,5 m², 14th floor
48 760 000 ₽ (654 497 ₽/m²)
Another “kopeck piece” is larger (total area 74.5 m2, living area 51.9 m2, rooms 34 and 17.9 m2, kitchen 11.8 m2) with a “quality renovation”. We took it only in order to show HOW IN NO EVENT SHOULD YOU DO IT. This apartment is a visual aid, which contains all conceivable and unthinkable anti-trends: from arches of intricate shapes to podiums and multi-level suspended ceilings with lighting. The only thing that pleases the eye is the beautiful view from the window of the White House.
It is safe to say that the owners have wasted expensive materials: in order to live here, they will have to do major repairs, so that's another couple of million plus the declared price. Not surprisingly, realtors are trying to lure clients with a “bonus” (an additional utility room of 15.5 m2 “over 30 years in use” – obviously illegal).
1/9Photo: cian.ru< h3>3-room apartment, 93.2 m², 13th floor
67 000 000 ₽ (718,884 ₽/m²)
Our favorite type of apartment is called “Babkin's renovation”, which is good because it has preserved all the original details of Soviet architecture (here even the laundry is still drying in the kitchen!) & nbsp; – and even has a layout! It shows what these apartments were like when they were built. Of the three rooms, two are adjacent, one is isolated, a tiny but separate bathroom, a bathroom of 7 m2 and a kitchen of 8 m2. All windows face one side, which, of course, is a minus, but the view from them is excellent -on the American embassy, the stadium, the city hall building, the White House and the Moscow River. Stucco molding, parquet floors, wooden frames and balcony doors have been preserved in this dead “treshka”. If we were the future owners, we would at the same time buy vintage furniture and lamps from the owners – this is worth a lot on specialized sites today.
3-room apartment, 68 m², 7th floor
39 500 000 ₽ (580 882 ₽/m²)
And, perhaps, our today's favorite & nbsp; – “three rubles” in the tower. It can be seen that the owners treated the historical heritage quite carefully: from the post-Soviet architectural interventions, we noticed only an absurd arch instead of (as it seems to us) double swing doors to the living room. The parquet, stucco, rosettes on the ceiling and magnificent wooden front doors are all original and in good condition. And, by the way, the rack in the hallway, it seems, also comes from the Soviet past. Note also the stairwell: marble floors, wrought iron railings, and oak trim detected.